Facebook Toronto, ON – FreshKut Productions Inc. presents Yowronto, an International musical extravaganza, in time for Canada’s 150th year anniversary. The unique name, came about accidentally as its founding directors were musing about the evolution of Toronto slang, ‘Hey Toronto’ became ‘Yo Toronto,’ which jokingly became ‘Yowronto,’ but once it was said, the name stuck and Yowronto became the name of the newest and best musical festival.At a time when proud Northerners across the country are jumping on the opportunity to add their voice to the harmonic blend of Canadian Nationalism, the Caribbean community is stepping up to the mic – but it’s not the same song. On Saturday, July 1 and Sunday July 2, from 11:00 am to 11:00 pm at Woodbine Mall, Yowronto is inviting Canadians of all backgrounds to share in the food, fun, rhythm and good vibes that the best of the heterogeneous Caribbean and Black Identity has to offer.“We have joined the groups of people who are trying to positively project Caribbean culture onto people of every class, color and race,” says Karl Haughton, Director of FreshKut Productions, Inc. Twitter Advertisement YOWronto features Reggae, Soca and Gospel musical legends like Alison Hinds, Baby Cham, Romain Virgo, Lieutenant Stitchie, Eric Donaldson, Professor Nuts and Tessanne Chin. These artists have achieved massive and global success. Alison Hinds for instance, has performed at the best and biggest festivals internationally, her song, “Roll it Gal,” which praises women’s independence in lyrics about female empowerment is one of the most popular Soca songs in the world.The festival also features up and coming stars like the JUNO award winning Korexion; who is increasingly becoming a voice of the Canadian people. His performances have taken place at many notable annual events such as the Canadian JUNO Awards, Toronto Caribana Festival and the Bob Marley Festival in Jamaica.Above all else, the festival features the most talented local artists our nation has to offer, including Michie Mee, Jay Harmony, Carlos Morgan, Blessed, Kim Davis, Ammoye Evans, Captain Love and Jimmy Reid. Michee Mee alone is a marvel, she was Canada’s first notable female MC, and is considered a national hip-hop pioneer. Carlos Morgan, another Canadian heavy hitter has received multiple awards including a Juno Award, two Canadian Urban Music Awards, a MuchMusic Video Award, and an SOCAN Music Award.Great performances are not the only thing that makes this festival one of the best, it features a family village/children zone with arts & crafts available for children. For adults, it features a beer garden and a VIP Lounge provided by Belleeny’s Martini Resto-Lounge. The VIP experience offers a preferred view, exclusive seating, and delicious Italian and Caribbean infused cuisine like coconut shrimps, oxtail ravioli and golden fried calamari. The event is the best opportunity for proud Canadians to celebrate 150 years of greatness with the sounds of Soca, Reggae, Gospel and local hits in a safe and welcoming setting.This exciting festival is sponsored by Flow Top Up, C&W and Liberty Global. Flow Top Up enables Caribbean people living abroad to send mobile credit back home quickly and conveniently. C&W is a full-service communications and entertainment provider and delivers market-leading video, broadband, telephony and mobile services to consumers in 18 countries. Liberty Global is the world’s largest international TV and broadband company, with operations in more than 30 countries across Europe, Latin America, and the Caribbean.ABOUT YOWRONTO:YOWronto is a tribute to Canada, boasting a diversity of activities produced by FreshKut Productions Inc. This two-day musical event takes place at the Woodbine Mall on Saturday, July 1 and Sunday, July 2, 2017. Streamed live using the Peeks social commerce platform, YOWronto will be accessible by an international audience. Vendors will showcase cultural arts & crafts along with a tasty variety of Caribbean foods and delicacies to savor. Artists will entertain and music lovers both locally and internationally will earn LIFETIME rewards for supporting stakeholders.WHERE: Woodbine Centre, 500 Rexdale Blvd, Toronto Ontario, CanadaWHEN: Saturday, July 1 and Sunday, July 2, from 11:00 am to 11:00 pmCONTACT INFO: 416 668-0945, info@YOWronto.com Login/Register With: LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Advertisement Advertisement
TORONTO — The future of more than a million direct and spinoff jobs related to the auto industry are a critical part of what’s at stake at the NAFTA renegotiation table in Washington after the U.S. chief negotiator targeted the sector on the first day of talks Wednesday.U.S. Trade Rep. Robert Lighthizer opened discussions between the three countries involved in the North American Free Trade Agreement by pointing to the carnage in the manufacturing sector as the reason so many Americans view NAFTA as a failed agreement. He talked about the auto sector in greatest detail.“Thousands of American factory workers have lost their jobs because of these provisions,” Lighthizer said in his opening remarks.He highlighted the U.S. desire for more production of parts in North America as one of the top issues in the agreement that President Donald Trump has dubbed the “worst” trade deal in history.The U.S. proposed a higher content requirement to avoid a tariff. That would include more parts made in North America, including “substantial” U.S.-made parts.The current rule of origin calls for 62.5 per cent of a vehicle’s parts to be made in North America. The exact percentages and details of what he is asking are still unclear, but Lighthizer called for stricter monitoring to ensure companies comply with the rules of origin.He also called for tougher labour standards.Canadian labour representatives say tougher standards would not only mean higher wages and better conditions for workers in Mexico and parts of the United States, but would also help make Canada — where wages are higher — more attractive to businesses because they would level the labour playing field.While the dairy industry and softwood lumber grabbed headlines before negotiations opened, industry observers say it’s time for new auto rules in NAFTA, which was first inked 23 years ago. Some blame the deal for the closure of four assembly plants in Canada and 10 in the U.S. Meanwhile, Mexico has gained factories in the years since the deal has been in place.“It’s important that Canada’s position maintains at least as strong as it has been in the past,” said University of Windsor business school professor Tony Faria, explaining that autos are a crucial part of the economy as Canada’s largest manufacturing export — even larger than the oil industry.“The industry is so large… and the taxes paid amount to billions of dollars every year.”Foreign Affairs minister Chrystia Freeland singled out the auto industry as a NAFTA success story in a speech on Monday, where she described how companies have found success using supply chains that “criss cross the borders of North America.”She pushed back Wednesday against specific national content rules of origin, saying that the rules are extremely complex and that any changes would have to be made with great care to ensure they don’t disrupt supply chains.The auto industry in particular has used NAFTA to create efficiencies in supply chains, said Brian DePratto, a senior economist at TD Bank. DePratto believes adding a minimum number of American-made parts into each vehicle could interrupt the supply chain, but it’s too early to tell exactly how much that could cost.“I think that would be a very disruptive outcome at least within the near term. It would require pretty significant realignment of the supply chain for a lot of these auto manufacturers,” he said.“Every trade deal is give and take. It’s a trade off. We’re going to have to give up something or an agreement will never be reached,” he said.Jerry Dias, the national president of Unifor, the union that represents auto workers, said he thinks Canada will have the upper hand in negotiations because the country is rich in coveted natural resources.“We have a lot to offer so we ought not to go in concerned about what the American or the Mexican governments are going to do and the positions they’re going to take. We should be bold in our convictions and stand firm. We have a lot to offer. We absolutely should be approaching this from a position of strength,” he said.In a statement, the Canadian Manufacturing Coalition said it hopes a revised NAFTA deal will remove barriers to trade to increase efficiency, and will help increase exports of North American made products to countries outside the agreement. It said NAFTA would need to address regulatory practices, currency manipulation and trade subsidies in other regions.“We need a trade agreement that will advance manufacturing and trade in North America,” wrote Dennis Darby, the Chair of the CMC.“Modernizing NAFTA could be the catalyst this region needs to come together and compete with the world.”
Security officers in Kuwait raided a prostitution den in Hassawi where four Sri Lankan women were arrested.Initial investigations revealed these women charged KD 4 for their ‘services’ and their sponsors have filed absconding cases against them. They were referred to the General Criminal Investigation Department for legal action to be taken. (Colombo Gazette)
“The transition I am leading is the result of a popular uprising in October 2014. It is a response to the arbitrariness, nepotism and injustice of an anti-democratic regime,” said Mr. Kafando, telling delegations at the Assembly’s annual debate that he had come to extol the virtues of true liberty. “As I was deprived of this for a time, I know how precious it is,” he continued, explaining that just two weeks ago, he was jailed in the wake of a military uprising driven by “praetorians of another time who were rowing against the current of history and trying to seize democracy to serve their sordid ambitions.”“It is thanks to you, defenders of [liberty and democracy], that I speak freely today,” he said, denouncing the “heinous” 16 September coup carried out by military officers whom, he said, had been “bought by vengeful politicians” just ahead of election campaigning. President Kafando said the nation’s response to the coup d’état had been spontaneous. The population tried to derail the coup, which had regrettably led to a tragic loss of life and numerous injuries. Burkina Faso, especially the youth, had shown an unprecedented level of patriotism. In addition, the international community had immediately come forward to strongly condemn the coup and express support for the transition. He thanked all countries and international organizations, civil society groups and journalists that had “come together so quickly to frustrate the coup” and promote the country’s return to normalcy.“We ask you to continue to support our efforts to anchor true democracy in Burkina Faso through the holding of free and transparent elections, which will be organized shortly.”Turning to other issues on the global agenda, Mr. Kafandao urged action to address the long-lingering after effects of the economic crisis and to redouble efforts to wipe out poverty. As for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), he said that while there had been significant progress on those targets, much remained to be done. “We must step up our efforts and take robust action to improve the living conditions of our populations,” he declared, calling for ambitions actions towards, among others, implementing the Addis Ababa Action Plan on development financing. This, he said, would lay the groundwork to press ahead with achievement of the new Sustainable Development Goals and Agenda 2030.
In a press release, WHO said that in 2015, all countries in the WHO European region reported, for the first time, zero indigenous cases of malaria, down from 90,000 cases in 1995. “Our report shines a spotlight on countries that are well on their way to eliminating malaria,” said Pedro Alonso, Director of the WHO Global Malaria Programme. “WHO commends these countries while also highlighting the urgent need for greater investment in settings with high rates of malaria transmission, particularly in Africa. Saving lives must be our first priority.” Outside the WHO European region, eight countries reported zero cases of the disease in 2014: Argentina, Costa Rica, Iraq, Morocco, Oman, Paraguay, Sri Lanka and United Arab Emirates. Another eight countries each tallied fewer than 100 indigenous malaria cases in 2014, and a further 12 countries reported between 100 and 1,000 indigenous malaria cases in 2014, according to the agency. The Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016-2030, approved by the World Health Assembly in May 2015, calls for the elimination of local transmission of malaria in at least 10 countries by 2020. WHO estimates that 21 countries are in a position to achieve this goal, including 6 countries in the African region, where the burden of the disease is heaviest. Countries moving towards elimination of malariaSince the year 2000, malaria mortality rates have declined by 60 per cent globally. In the WHO African region, malaria mortality rates fell by 66 per cent among all age groups and by 71 per cent among children under 5 years old. Ending malaria is a priority in the Western Pacific Region. Photo: WHO/Y. Shimizu A woman putting up a mosquito bednet in Tanzania. Photo: WHO S. Hollyman Reaching the goals of the “Global Technical Strategy” will require a steep increase in global and domestic funding – from $2.5 billion today to an estimated $8.7 billion annually by 2030, the agency said. WHO added that through “robust financing and political will,” affected countries can speed progress towards malaria elimination and contribute to the broader development agenda as laid out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In his message on the Day, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said malaria is a formidable opponent, so there is no guarantee that progress will continue. “If we lower our guard, experience shows that the disease may come back. Mosquitoes develop resistance to insecticides and malaria parasites can become resistant to medicines.”He commended the World Health Assembly for setting ambitious goals for 2030: reducing malaria cases and mortality by at least 90 per cent; and eliminating malaria in at least 35 countries.“Reaching these goals will require significantly greater investment in fighting malaria. But it will take more than money. It will take political will and leadership,” said Mr. Ban, stressing that as the world celebrated progress against this “ancient killer,” everyone involved must redouble their efforts to reach the 2030 malaria goals. The advances came through the use of core malaria control tools that have been widely deployed over the past decade, including insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor residual spraying, rapid diagnostic testing and artemisinin-based combination therapies. But reaching the next level – elimination – will not be easy, WHO noted. Nearly half of the world’s population, 3.2 billion people, remain at risk of malaria. In 2015 alone, 214 million new cases of the disease were reported in 95 countries and more than 400,000 people died of malaria. WHO emphasized that the efficacy of the tools that secured the gains against malaria in the early years of this century is now threatened. Mosquito resistance to insecticides used in nets and indoor residual spraying is growing, as is parasite resistance to a component of one of the most powerful antimalarial medicines. Further progress against malaria will likely require new tools that do not exist today, and the further refining of new technologies, the agency said. WHO noted that in 2015, for the first time, the European Medicines Agency issued a positive scientific opinion on a malaria vaccine. In January 2016, WHO recommended large-scale pilot projects of the vaccine in several African countries, which could pave the way for wider deployment in the years ahead. Need for strong political commitment and funding“New technologies must go hand in hand with strong political and financial commitment,” said Mr. Alonso. WHO stressed that governments must strengthen surveillance of cases to identify gaps in coverage and be prepared to take action based on the information received. As countries approach elimination, the ability to detect every infection becomes increasingly important.
Wikipédia by Orange disponible gratuitement en Afrique et au Moyen OrientOrange et la fondation Wikimedia ont signé un partenariat pour offrir en Afrique et au Moyen-Orient, un accès gratuit à l’encyclopédie en ligne Wikipédia depuis un smartphone. Une alliance visant à permettre au plus grand nombre d’apprendre et s’informer.Déjà associés en Europe, Orange et Wikimedia étendent leur partenariat à l’Afrique et au Moyen-Orient. L’opérateur et la fondation vont offrir un accès gratuit aux applications mobiles de l’encyclopédie en ligne Wikipedia by Orange, qui seront proposées sur les portails Orange World. Avec ce partenariat, premier en son genre, Orange et Wikimedia offriront à plus de 70 millions de clients Orange dans 20 pays d’Afrique et du Moyen-Orient, un accès mobile à Wikipedia, et ce sans aucun frais d’utilisation, annonce la fondation. À lire aussiLe Kilimandjaro, un volcan dormant caché dans la plus haute montagne d’AfriqueOrange et Wikimedia entendent ainsi permettre au plus grand nombre d’accéder à l’information et au savoir. Le partenariat sera progressivement mis en place au fil de l’année. Les clients Orange disposant d’un téléphone connecté à Internet pourront consulter l’encyclopédie en ligne aussi souvent et longtemps qu’ils le souhaiteront. “Wikipédia est un service important, un bien public, et nous voulons que tout le monde puisse y accéder gratuitement, quel que soit le support utilisé”, explique Sue Gardner, Directrice Générale de la Fondation Wikimedia. “Ce partenariat avec Orange permettra à des millions de personnes qui ne pouvaient pas le faire auparavant de consulter Wikipédia” se félicite-t-elle. Marc Rennard, Directeur Exécutif de la zone Afrique, Moyen-Orient et Asie d’Orange, se montre tout aussi enthousiaste. “Dans des pays où accéder au savoir n’est pas aisé, nous offrons l’accès à tous nos clients depuis le mobile à Wikipédia, la plus grande encyclopédie en ligne au monde sans frais de connexion” souligne-t-il cité par Good-planet.info.Toutefois pour l’heure, le nombre de personnes qui possèdent un smartphone est encore faible dans ces régions du monde. Aujourd’hui, seuls 15% des abonnés Orange en Afrique et au Moyen-Orient disposent d’un accès mobile à Internet. Un chiffre qui devrait passer à 50% d’ici à 2015.Le 18 février 2012 à 17:50 • Maxime Lambert
Facebook Now Playing Up Next Google+ New stipulation added to the Winners Take All match at WWE Extreme Rules on July 14 WhatsApp This week Lacey Evans teamed up with Montel Williams, Hires House USA, and WWE to take part in the organization Military Makeover.Military Makeover “is a very special home improvement series that aims to respect those who have served our country, rebuild the homes—and even the lives—of these brave service men and women, and repay veterans for the service and sacrifices they’ve made for us.”Lacey Evans shows on Instagram her time on set and how grateful she is to be part of this series to support the United States veterans.This lady was not afraid to get dirty because Evans really got involved in the home improvement process from hammering, sawing, and roof reconstruction.Not only does Military Makeover help improve the homes for veterans, they also help veterans transfer from military life to home life by helping them seek jobs. Evans also teamed up with JDog Junk Removal to help show awareness for our veterans seeking help to find jobs and be part of their local community. Many veterans work with JDog Junk Removal to continue to dedicate their time. Evans really emphasizes how important it is to show support.Check out the websites and Instagrams for Military Makeover and JDog Junk Removal to help support the veterans!https://militarymakeover.tv/https://www.jdogjunkremoval.com/ Dave Bautista Announces His Retirement From WWE Julio Jones Becomes NFL’s Highest Paid Wide Receiver Victoria Tedesco RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Now Playing Up Next Now Playing Up Next Three new title matches announced for WWE Stomping Grounds in two weeks Former WWE star ‘Grandmaster Sexay’ dies Now Playing Up Next Now Playing Up Next Seth Rollins Defends WWE On Two Separate Occasions Nora and Baker Draft Their Pop Culture Favorites Twitter Recommended videosPowered by AnyClipJulio Jones Becomes NFL’s Highest Paid Wide ReceiverVideo Player is loading.Play VideoPauseUnmuteDuration 1:16/Current Time 0:03Loaded: 84.78%0:03Remaining Time -1:13 FullscreenUp NextThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.Replay the list Pinterest Men’s and Women’s MITB Ladder Matches, Seth Rollins vs. AJ Styles headline Money in the Bank
You’ve probably heard about this shambling guy named Lebowski, who insists on being called “The Dude.” He’s the star of an extremely offbeat, extremely male Coen Brothers comedy called “The Big Lebowski.”But all the macho dudes participating in “The Big LeBoutSki” at the Clark County Event Center on Saturday are chicks. And they’re chicks who can probably take you down if you call them “Dude” with anything but admiration.The Big LeBoutSki is a daylong extravaganza of roller derby, a fast-moving, fast-growing contact sport that has been building strong muscles and thick hides among women from every walk of life, all around the world, for the past few decades.The local host team is Clark County’s own Storm City Roller Girls; visiting for the day will be the Roller Betties (of Bellingham), the Rodeo City Rollergirls (of Ellensburg), the Northwest Derby Company (of Bremerton) and the Gorge Roller Girls (of The Dalles, Ore.) Officially sanctioned, bracketed bouts between these visitors are scheduled for 11 a.m. and 1, 5 and 7 p.m.; an exhibition bout between your local host and the visiting Femme Fianna (of Tacoma) is set for 3 p.m. That’s a heck of a lot of derby.Players do get hurt in the rolling rough-and-tumble, but nobody lets that faze them.“It’s competitive and you’re trying to win and you do rough each other up — but then you have beers afterwards and laugh about it,” a Storm City girl named Dirty Ann Rotten told The Columbian last year.
Is it officially unfortunate that author Daniel Handler, aka Lemony Snicket of “A Series of Unfortunate Events” fame, won’t be the keynote speaker at the Fort Vancouver Regional Library Foundation fundraising dinner in November, as promised earlier this year?Not when the replacement speaker is author Craig Johnson, whose “Longmire” detective novels have been translated into a popular and long-running crime drama series on A&E and Netflix. The books and the TV series follow the adventures of a classic Western lawman who seems plucked from the cowboy era and dropped into modern times: Sheriff Walt Longmire, a loner by nature who investigates gambling, organized crime and worse in a fictitious county in Wyoming. Six seasons of the TV series have been released; meanwhile, Johnson’s 12th “Longmire” novel was published in fall 2017 and the next one, “Depth of Winter,” is expected in September.Johnson lives in Ucross, Wyo. — population 25, according to a release from the Fort Vancouver Regional Library. His books have won mountains of awards, including the Wyoming Historical Association’s Book of the Year, the Western Writers of America’s Spur Award, the Mountains and Plains Book of the Year Award, Publishers Weekly Best Book of the Year, Library Journal’s Best Mystery of the Year and the Will Rogers Award for Fiction.The 2018 Authors & Illustrators Dinner & Silent Auction is set for 5:30 to 9 p.m., Nov. 7, at the Hilton Vancouver Washington. Tickets are $90 each, and a limited number of tickets to a private reception with Johnson are $25 each, and can be purchased through www.fvrlfoundation.org.Proceeds from the event help underwrite library programs in Southwest Washington. Previous keynote speakers have included former First Lady Laura Bush, John Lithgow, Nicholas Sparks, Diana Gabaldon, Brad Meltzer and Rebecca Skloot.
Real Madrid defender Marcelo insists the club is bigger than any player amidst talk the club miss former talisman, Cristiano Ronaldo.Ronaldo left Real Madrid this summer to join Italian champions Juventus after winning his third consecutive (fourth for Real Madrid) UEFA Champions League trophy.The European champions have struggled in his absence this season, with the team also just came out of a run of four consecutive games without scoring a goal, with fans and pundits attributing the team’s struggles to his departure.However, Marcelo, speaking amid a disastrous run of form for Real Madrid, said he believes the Portuguese superstar is still a huge player in world football but the club is bigger than any player, both past and present.Fiorentina owner: “Ribery played better than Ronaldo!” Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Fiorentina owner Rocco Commisso was left gushing over Franck Ribery’s performance against Juventus, which he rates above that of even Cristiano Ronaldo’s.“Ending our holidays and coming back to the routine of Real Madrid without Cristiano Ronaldo was a surprise for us, we thought he wouldn’t go,” he admitted in a video on his YouTube channel.“Real Madrid is a huge club, Cristiano Ronaldo is huge too, but the club is bigger than any player.”“The history of Real Madrid is impressive and Cristiano Ronaldo added a piece more to the history of this club, but Real Madrid can’t stop.”“The player changes club, stops playing, retires and Real Madrid will still be here.”
June 21, 2019 KUSI Newsroom, KUSI Newsroom Driver killed when car crashes off Escondido street, hits tree Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter ESCONDIDO ( KUSI ) – A motorist was fatally injured Friday in a solo car crash near Reidy Creek Golf Course.The man was headed west on Country Club Lane in Escondido shortly before 7 a.m. when his 2002 Lexus IS430 veered off the roadway and hit a curb between Broadway and Iris Lane, according to police.The sedan continued on for a short distance before striking a large tree in a center median area, Lt. Mike Kearney said.Firefighters had to free the driver from the crumpled car, after which medics took him to Palomar Medical Center, where he was pronounced dead. His name was withheld pending family notification.“Speed is considered a factor in the collision,” Kearney said. Posted: June 21, 2019
Strong VIP growth sees Okada Manila GGR climb 72% in August Load More 181 Chinese nationals arrested in dispute over POGO accreditation status RelatedPosts Duterte, who has often stated his dislike of gambling, declared a moratorium on new casino licenses in January 2018 for a period of five years and subsequently put a halt to planned IR developments by Galaxy Entertainment Group in Boracay and Landing International in Manila’s Entertainment City precinct.“Gaming seems to be the sunrise industry now in Asia,” Domingo said. “There are still areas in the Philippines that can still absorb and benefit from these investments, which won’t go here with the current ban.”Domingo recently stated that she expects the Philippines’ gaming revenue to reach US$4.1 billion by the end of 2019, driven largely by the increasingly strong results of Entertainment City IRs Solaire Resort & Casino and City of Dreams Manila as well as the ongoing ramp of Okada Manila. 70% of Macau gaming market driven by 400,000 premium players: brokerage The head of Philippines gaming regulator PAGCOR, Andrea Domingo, will ask President Rodrigo Duterte to ease a ban on the issuance of new casino licenses over concerns the country will fall behind in Asia’s increasingly competitive gaming and hospitality industry.Domingo revealed her plans in an interview with Bloomberg this week in which she stated that she would prefer the President adopt a more selective means of determining whether new casino licenses were to be issued.
McGraw-Hill has agreed to sell its education business to investment company Apollo Global Management for $2.5 billion. This leaves the company with its remaining McGraw-Hill Financial operation and after the close of the deal, which is expected later this year or early 2013, it will become the company’s official name.McGraw-Hill split in September 2011 into two companies—McGraw-Hill Financial and McGraw-Hill Education—in an effort to reduce its cost structure and unlock new value. The Financial group, headed by Terry McGraw, includes the publishing assets under the Aviation and Construction groups—as well as the Standard & Poor’s and J.D. Power and Associates brands. Of the two companies, Financial is the larger, with 2011 revenues of about $4.1 billion. Of that, the Commodities & Commercial segment, which includes the J.D. Power, Construction, and Aviation Week groups, made about $900 million in 2011 revenues. McGraw-Hill Education ended 2011 with revenues of $2.3 billion. Estimated 2012 revenues for McGraw Hill Financial are $4.4 billion. “Today’s transaction marks a transformative time for our company, shareholders, customers and employees,” says McGraw in statement. “This move builds on McGraw-Hill’s strong legacy and gives us an unprecedented opportunity to focus on accelerating the growth of our iconic brands and leading franchises such as Standard & Poor’s, S&P Dow Jones Indices, S&P Capital IQ, Platts and J.D. Power and Associates. Estimated net proceeds of $1.9 billion from the sale will be used to pay off short-term debt, make tuck-in acquisitions and sustain the company’s share repurchase program.
WILMINGTON, MA — Below is a list of FREE upcoming programs for adults, teens and kids at the Wilmington Memorial Library.Registration begins 30 days prior to the event. Please register online using our Calendar of Events at www.wilmlibrary.org or by calling (978) 694-2099 (for Adult) or (978) 694-2098 (for Children/Teen). Please note we request registration for programs that are marked *RR. Thank you to the Friends of the Library for funding support for library programs!Adult EventsNetworkers—Toastmasters’ Tips *RRMonday, April 22, 10 amIn this interactive workshop, former Lakesiders Toastmasters President Roxie Billings, DTM, will share tips on how to become a better public speaker and a more confident interviewer. Learn to bemore conscious of your “ums and ahs”, learn to think on your feet, and learn how best to prepare. Toastmasters International operates clubs worldwide for the purpose of promoting communication, public speaking and leadership skills.Herbal and Dried Flower Kitchen Swag *RRTuesday, April 23, 2:00 pmBring a touch of spring into your kitchen! Rachel Gonzalez from Rachel’s Everlastings Farm will lead participants in making a beautiful kitchen swag out of herbs and dried flowers organically grown by Rachel herself. Each participant will take home their swag plus a bag of unused material with seeds that can be planted next spring. (Registration at the main desk $20).Jim Miceli *RRThursday, April 25, 7 pmPlease note that this program will be held at the Tewksbury Public LibraryLearn more about Wilmington and Tewksbury’s former state representative Jim Miceli from the people who knew him best. They will discuss his life, his work and his impact on the Wilmington and Tewskbury communities. Please register for this event at tewksburypl.org.Escape the Room: Library Stranger Things*RRSaturday, April 27, 10 am-4 pmDon’t keep the curiosity door locked! Competing with a team of up to 8 people, teens and adults must stretch their problem solving skills and escape the room together before the buzzer sounds, or risk disappearing into the Upside Down.The Importance of a Free Press *RRMonday, April 29, 7 pmDan Kennedy, Associate Professor of Journalism at Northeastern University, regular panelist on WGBH-TV’s Beat the Press, and writer of the blog Media Nation, will be a guest speaker. He will talk about the importance of the free press in a civilized society and threats that the free press is facing in the U.S and abroad. Mr. Kennedy will also touch upon his recently authored book The Return of the Moguls: How Jeff Bezos and John Henry Are Reinventing Newspapers for the Twenty-First Century.Copies will be available for sale.Kids & Teen EventsLEGO Mindstorms for Beginners*RRFriday, April 19, 2-4 pmBuild a LEGO robot, learn basic programming, and complete a challenge. Grades 4+R.E.A.D. Middle Grade Book Club *RRFriday, April 19, 3:45 pmRead, Eat and Discuss Book Scavenger by Jennifer Bertman. Pick up a copy at the library. Grades 4-5 Shark Spheros, Ozobots& VR *RRSaturday, April 20, 2-4 pmCalling all coders and robot enthusiasts! Construct an obstacle course for two types of programmable mini robots to navigate, and try out a virtual reality headset.Kids Kraft: Raindrop Suncatcher *RRSaturday, April 20, 2 pmRaindrops may bring cloudy skies outside, but let these rainbow raindrops bring a rainbow inside! This craft is led by 3 Wilmington High School students. Grades 1-5Baby Laptime *RRMonday, April 22, 9:30 amJoin us for a morning of songs, tickles, bounces, and rhymes perfect for little pre-walking babies and their caregivers. Infants- 18 monthsExploration Station: Earth Day *RRMonday, April 22, 10:30 amExplore Earth Day through hands on activities. Ages 3-5Earth Day Recycle CraftMonday, April 22, 2-5 pmDrop in to make a magnificent creation using recyclable materials. All ages.PJ StorytimeMonday,April 22, 6:30 pmWear your snuggly pajamas and bring your favorite teddy bear or blanket and enjoy stories, songs, rhymes and more! Ages 2-5 and one or more adultsHelping Your Infant and Toddler Sleep*RRMonday, April 22, 7 pmThis workshop on sleep will help parents of infants and toddlers identify what typical sleep patterns are by age, the most common reasons for children to be having sleep issues, and basic tips for ways to get your child to sleep and sleep through the night. The workshop will be led by Jensine Casey, a certified sleep consultant and Developmental SpecialistLibrary NewsSummer Saturday HoursWe are pleased to announce that beginning this summer the library will be open on Saturdays 9am-5pm year round.(NOTE: The above listings are from the Wilmington Memorial Library.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedLIBRARY LINEUP: Library To Host 6-Week Great Decisions Series On Foreign Policy TopicsIn “Community”LIBRARY LINEUP: FREE Bach, Beethoven, & Brahams Concert On Sept. 12In “Community”LIBRARY LINEUP: Storytime at Farmers Market on Aug. 4; Revere Beach Memories on Aug. 5In “Community”
Brookins hoped to work with at-risk children once she graduated, said Edgar. “From when she was a teenager, she wanted to help children and young folk. She would always volunteer to baby sit at no cost as a teenager,” he said. “She was really committed to social work and at risk kids.”Brookins is survived by her mother, father, four half sisters and a half brother. Homegoing Celebration of Life Services will be Wed/Dec 28, 2016: 11 AM – Viewing; 12 Noon – Funeral Service at the Memorial Chapel, Fort Myer, VA 22211. Repast afterwards. As some congestion may be expected at the entry gate, early arrival is recommended.Flowers can be sent to: Stewart Funeral Home, Inc., 4001 Benning Road, NE, Washington, DC 20019. They must be received by Tues/Dec 27, 2017.Cards can be sent to; Brookins/Collier Family, 2406 Windbreak Dr., Alexandria, VA 22306.The family asks for your continued prayers and blessings. (Updated 12/22/2016) Ciera Brookins, a 25-year-old Morgan University student, died from complications from Lupus at MedStar Good Samaritan Hospital in Baltimore on Dec. 19. 25-year-old Morgan University student, Ciera Brookins. (Courtesy Photo)Brookins, who was a student at the School of Social Work, was described as a free-spirit who loved to be around young people. Her father, Edgar Brookins, is the Washington, D.C. general manger for the AFRO.Brookins was born on Oct. 30, 1991 to Evelyn Collier and Edgar Brookins in Largo, Md. She attended Largo High School and was a member of the Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall Gospel Service in Arlington, Va. “She was a free-spirit, who was vibrant, colorful and loved to be around children,” her father told the AFRO. “She was energetic, very engaging and wanted to take the leadership role in whatever she was involved in.”
Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Stay on target Throughout the past 12 months, we’ve talked about how 2017 was a great year for games. It is arguably the greatest start in video game history. I don’t really have to go over this again since we’ve done so numerous times. Needless to say that if you were a gamer in 2017, you had a lot of titles juggle. The gaming gods blessed us many times over.Outside of the abundance of titles to play, 2017 also saw a number of noteworthy events happen in the industry. These include the release of new hardware, the rise and fall of new and classic titles, shady business practices, and gaming celebrities acting like complete jackasses. Some of the things we saw happen in gaming were good, some were confusing, and others were just downright awful. These events certainly made gaming in 2017 all the more interesting — even if some of the things that occurred are best forgotten.Below are some of the biggest and most surprising gaming moments of 2017.Nintendo SwitchI think it’s safe to say 2017 would have been a lot less interesting without the release of Nintendo Switch. Many (myself included) believed Nintendo was on its last legs after the abysmal failure that was Wii U. I think even the hardest of the hardcore Nintendo fan was caught off guard with regards to how successful the Switch has been. If things keep going the way they have, Switch will outsell the Wii U in less than a year. That’s pretty freakin’ incredible.So why did Switch take off like it did? One factor is its portability. While handheld gaming has existed for decades, Switch represents something new. It really is a console you can take with you. It’s not as powerful as a PS4 or Xbox One, but it certainly blows away the PS Vita and 3DS in terms of horsepower. There’s also the fact the system is playable on a TV with an optional Pro controller. Switch is a versatile device that fits different types of lifestyles.Of course, we can’t forget the biggest reason Switch is doing so well: games. Wii U was notorious for having long periods without any big AAA first-party releases. Switch on the other hand has had at least one major release every month since launch. Games like The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild, Super Mario Odyssey, Super Mario Kart 8 Deluxe, and Mario + Rabbids make the system extremely enticing. The fact it’s getting so many indie games and hot third party titles can’t be ignored either.Will Switch’s success continue in 2018? It’s hard to say at this time, but whatever happens, no one can take 2017 away from Switch. The year truly belonged to Nintendo’s console.Xbox One XNintendo Switch wasn’t the only new console released in 2017. Late in the year, Microsoft released “the most powerful console ever” with the Xbox One X. Like the PS4 Pro, this was another mid-gen upgrade system designed to take advantage of 4K televisions. Boasting 6 teraflops of power, few could deny how impressive the system was from a technical standpoint. It certainly made die-hard Xbox fans happy, even if it did set them back (another) $500.The Xbox One X is also a lesson that power doesn’t mean much without games to play. PlayStation 4 and Switch have enjoyed a bounty of stellar first-party titles in 2017. In contrast, first party support on Xbox One has been virtually non-existent this year. Xbox One X owners can enjoy playing older titles which have been enhanced with 4K textures. Unfortunately, outside of Forza Motorsport 7 and Halo Wars 2, there aren’t many new first party games that truly demonstrates what the system is capable of.Xbox One X may not be a runaway success like Switch, but it pleases the audience it was meant for (the aforementioned harcore Xbox fans). In that regard, the system has done well for itself. Just don’t expect much media buzz about the system going into the new year.Microtransactions/loot boxesExcuse my French, but I think it’s safe to say the most bullshit moment of 2017 was all the nonsense with microtransactions and loot boxes in some of the year’s biggest games. These practices aren’t new to the gaming industry. Mobile games practically thrive on this business model and have done so for years. However, when players start getting nickel and dimed for games they paid $60 for, there’s going to be backlash. Especially if one of those games is a Star Wars title.Microtransactions aren’t necessarily a bad thing on their own. The problem starts when games are deliberately designed around them. Players feel obligated to spend money in order to progress. Loot boxes take things to another level since customers don’t know exactly what they’re purchasing. Because of this, countries like Belgium and states like Hawaii want to classify games with loot boxes as a form of gambling. I don’t think I need to tell you the inherent problem with the government regulating video games.While the whole loot crate/microtransaction drama of 2017 frustrated many, it can lead to small reform. Now that customers are more aware of these practices, we’ll likely see big publishers like Activision and EA rethink their strategies. Folks are willing to spend more on a game they like. What they don’t want is to feel ripped off in the process. Hopefully, everyone has learned a lesson from all of this.Mass Effect AndromedaEA didn’t have a great year, publicity-wise. Though it wasn’t the only one, the publisher received an extreme amount of flak after the whole debacle with loot boxes in Star Wars: Battlefront II. This event is relatively recent, which is why it’s still fresh in people’s minds. However, we can’t forget about another debacle surrounding an EA game released earlier in the year. I’m of course referring to the disaster that was Mass Effect Andromeda i.e. the game that killed a franchise.Truth be told, we shouldn’t have been that surprised with the way Mass Effect Andromeda turned out. The game saw directors and producers come and go throughout its troubled production. Though it might be unfair to say this, the title also wasn’t being developed by the same Bioware team responsible for the original trilogy. Thanks to the good will garnered by the series, it was easy for people to ignore these warning signs. Unfortunately, what we ended up getting was indeed a sub-par product.In all honesty, I didn’t find the game all that bad. It wasn’t as high-quality as previous entries, but I still got enjoyment out of it. With that said, the weird faces, bland characters, and overall lack of polish turned off a lot of gamers and critics. Because of Mass Effect Andromeda’s failure, EA has put the series into cryostasis. With Bioware putting all its efforts into Anthem, it’s likely we won’t see another Mass Effect game this generation. Like with loot crates, EA has an opportunity to learn from its mistakes and will hopefully release a worthy Mass Effect sequel in the future.PewDiePie Acting a FoolFelix “PewDiePie” Kjellberg really stepped in it in 2017. First, Disney dissolved a partnership with the world-famous YouTuber after he made a series of videos which were considered anti-semitic. During the summer, Kjellberg said the N-word in a blatantly insulting manner during a livestream. His flippant use of such a derogatory and insulting term even got him attention from the mainstream media. Half-hearted apologies did little to quell the anger many felt towards the YouTube Star.PewDiePie’s actions are bad enough on their own, but the consequences of what he did are perhaps more troubling. Many believe YouTube’s infamous “Adpocalypse” was a direct response to the toxicity of YouTubers like PDP. Secondly, his usage of the N-word potentially normalizes it in a way that gives others an excuse to casually use it themselves. And lastly, he just makes gamers look bad — which is something the community certainly doesn’t need. Considering how PDP still has millions of subscribers and makes millions of dollars, it’s doubtful he’ll ever change his ways.PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds2017 was a fantastic year for video games, but none loomed larger than PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds. Despite having numerous bugs, server issues, and subpar graphics, PUBG came through town like a tank and demolished everything in its path. Reaching nearly 30 million sales in less than a year is quite impressive for a game that was only officially finished in mid-December.Why did PUBG do so well? It’s a number of factors. The main one is its simplicity. PUBG is a last-man-standing shooting game that places players on a map which is constantly shrinking. Players are mostly left to their own devices; making each and every match vastly unique. The game has no central narrative. Players make up their own story as they go along. There’s also the fact PUBG only cost $30, which makes it accessible to nearly anyone who wants it.PUBG’s success has already inspired a number of imitators. Both Fortnite and Grand Theft Auto Online have incorporated PUBG-esque battle royale modes. It’s safe to assume future games will either incorporate this formula into their own online modes or completely rip off the idea. We may well see PUBG-likes that are technically better than the original which inspired them. However, now that PUBG is in the public zeitgeist, it’s hard to imagine a similar game dethrone it. PUBG is the new Counter-Strike, whether we like it or not.The Death of NeoGAFFor years, NeoGAF has been the most popular gaming forum on the internet. It was a place where developers and journalists would frequently post hot rumors or leaks. For many in the industry (myself included) it was an invaluable source of information. It also received a great deal of heat from detractors who felt the site was a hostile environment for anyone that didn’t wholeheartedly go along with whatever viewpoint “Gaffers” approved of.Given its power and influence, it was interesting to see just how quickly NeoGAF crumbled after its founder, Tyler Malka, was accused of sexual harassment. The site eventually returned as a hollow shell of its former self; with many of its former members moving on to a new site called ResetEra.Pokemon Go Fest DebaclePhoto via PolygonNiantic held a huge Pokemon Go festival in Chicago during the summer. Here, players from around the world would gather in order to collect rare Pokemon by completing a series of challenges. What should have been a fun day for attendees quickly turned sour when server issues made it impossible to play the game. It was a colossal failure on almost every conceivable level, one that thoroughly embarrassed Niantic.Eventually Niantic was able to fix the server issues and get attendees hunting for Pokemon as originally planned. Niantic is sure to take the lessons of this inaugural Pokemon Go fest to heart if it ever decides to do another one in 2018. Solar Energy Outpaced Fossil Fuels in 20174 New Gadgets You Should’ve Bought in 2017
5 min read March 16, 2018 How Success Happens Do you dread going into work because of the terrible internet connectivity? Is it hard or frustrating to work when pages take seconds to resolve, instead of milliseconds? The problem is likely not the internet itself; it’s the hardware used to broadcast it throughout your office.It’s easy to want to skimp on internet hardware. After all, a full IT department is expensive, and a lot of MSPs are no better. A home network is easy to set up; why not just buy a few pieces of hardware from the local office store and set up the office too?In addition to the potential security issues, setting up home networking hardware for a commercial use generally won’t cut it. This is even worse when your office sprawls across multiple floors or has to pipe WiFi through brick walls.Related: Should Your Business Set Up Shop in Bill Gates’ Smart City?Weak signal strength or spotty connectivity is one of the most common internet-related problems an office can face, and there are all kinds of devices aimed at solving it. Range extenders and repeaters are common, but they often do more harm than good.The problem with a range extender or a repeater is two-fold. First of all, they tend to cause additional latency. It makes sense, right? A signal going from point A to B to C by definition takes longer than a signal direct from A to C. The other half of the problem has to do with how devices connect to a network. When a device connects to a network, particularly a wireless network, it saves the information for that network so it can connect automatically again. This is why your phone can automatically use office WiFi without needing to switch away from a home signal. When you use a repeater, you have two signal sources broadcasting the same network information. Your device tries to connect to the network, and will preferentially choose the device with the highest signal strength. Wireless signal isn’t consistent, though; power fluctuations, usage and other factors can disrupt a signal temporarily. When that happens, often your device will attempt to switch to the other, temporarily stronger source of the network. This switching can cause issues with connection stability and latency.Another problem that is increasingly common with wireless networking these days is signal clutter. There are only so many channels a wireless signal can use, as designated by the FCC. When there are a lot of local offices, businesses, apartments or homes broadcasting their own wireless networking signals, it muddies the waters. So many competing signals causes interference with each other — and with your networking. Related: Aluminum Foil Can Actually Improve Your Wireless SignalHow do you solve these problems and make absolutely certain your wireless networking is fast and reliable for your whole office?The best solution involves stringing ethernet cables from your source to specific areas in your office. A hard-wired solution is infinitely more reliable than wireless repeaters. You can set up wireless access points in each location to broadcast the signal locally. To determine specifically where those access points should be located, you can contact a telecom or MSP for a wireless site survey.Of course, running hard-wired connections throughout your office isn’t always possible. In older office parks, it can be difficult or impossible to run cable through the masonry walls. Running cable under the floor or above a drop ceiling may be possible, though you can encounter fire code issues if you have to pass through walls or floors. Running cables in the open is unprofessional and can be a hazard if someone trips. You can run conduit along walls above eye level, though that’s not always an ideal solution either.Even with a hard-wired solution, you can’t simply plug all of those access points into a router. At minimum you will likely need an ethernet switch capable of accepting and passing along traffic from dozens of distinct connections at once. Depending on the level of security you’re enforcing for your business, you might also want a hardware firewall, but that’s more of a security issue than a connectivity issue.Related: 3 Technologies That Could Win the Battle Against CybercrimeKeep in mind, when you’re researching solutions to connectivity issues, that most solutions you’ll find are aimed at residential users. Wireless repeaters are fine for stringing a connection up to a child’s bedroom. Power line broadcasting can work in some circumstances, but is far from an adequate commercial solution. It’s well worth the investment to purchase high quality hardware, commission a site survey, and plan out connectivity coverage before you even begin to set up or overhaul your network. Hear from Polar Explorers, ultra marathoners, authors, artists and a range of other unique personalities to better understand the traits that make excellence possible. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Listen Now
# And the mean accuracy of all 5 folds: print scores.mean() We have a model already, the SVC model that we defined for this prediction, and all you need to do is call cross_val_score() on the cross_validation package. So, you pass in this function a model of a given type (clf), the entire dataset that you have of all of the measurements, that is, all of my feature data (iris.data) and all of my target data (all of the species), iris.target. I want cv=5 which means it’s actually going to use 5 different training datasets while reserving 1 for testing. Basically, it’s going to run it 5 times, and that’s all we need to do. That will automatically evaluate our model against the entire dataset, split up five different ways, and give us back the individual results. If we print back the output of that, it gives us back a list of the actual error metric from each one of those iterations, that is, each one of those folds. We can average those together to get an overall error metric based on k-fold cross-validation: When we do this over 5 folds, we can see that our results are even better than we thought! 98% accuracy. So that’s pretty cool! In fact, in a couple of the runs we had perfect accuracy. So that’s pretty amazing stuff. Now let’s see if we can do even better. We used a linear kernel before, what if we used a polynomial kernel and got even fancier? Will that be overfitting or will it actually better fit the data that we have? That kind of depends on whether there’s actually a linear relationship or polynomial relationship between these petal measurements and the actual species or not. So, let’s try that out: clf = svm.SVC(kernel=’poly’, C=1).fit(X_train, y_train)scores = cross_validation.cross_val_score(clf, iris.data, iris.target, cv=5)print scoresprint scores.mean() We’ll just run this all again, using the same technique. But this time, we’re using a polynomial kernel. We’ll fit that to our training dataset, and it doesn’t really matter where you fit to in this case, because cross_val_score() will just keep re-running it for you: It turns out that when we use a polynomial fit, we end up with an overall score that’s even lower than our original run. So, this tells us that the polynomial kernel is probably overfitting. When we use k-fold cross-validation it reveals an actual lower score than with our linear kernel. The important point here is that if we had just used a single train/test split, we wouldn’t have realized that we were overfitting. We would have actually gotten the same result if we just did a single train/test split here as we did on the linear kernel. So, we might inadvertently be overfitting our data there, and not have even known it had we not use k-fold cross-validation. So, this is a good example of where k-fold comes to the rescue, and warns you of overfitting, where a single train/test split might not have caught that. So, keep that in your tool chest. If you want to play around with this some more, go ahead and try different degrees. So, you can actually specify a different number of degrees. The default is 3 degrees for the polynomial kernel, but you can try a different one, you can try two. Detecting outliers A common problem with real-world data is outliers. You’ll always have some strange users or some strange agents that are polluting your data, that act abnormally and atypically from the typical user. They might be legitimate outliers; they might be caused by real people and not by some sort of malicious traffic, or fake data. So sometimes, it’s appropriate to remove them, sometimes it isn’t. Dealing with outliers So, let’s take some example code, and see how you might handle outliers in practice. Let’s mess around with some outliers. It’s a pretty simple section. A little bit of review actually. If you want to follow along, we’re in Outliers.ipynb. So, go ahead and open that up if you’d like: import numpy as np incomes = np.random.normal(27000, 15000, 10000) incomes = np.append(incomes, ) import matplotlib.pyplot as plt plt.hist(incomes, 50) plt.show() What we’re going to do is start off with a normal distribution of incomes here that are have a mean of $27,000 per year, with a standard deviation of 15,000. I’m going to create 10,000 fake Americans that have an income in that distribution. This is totally made-up data, by the way, although it’s not that far off from reality. Then, I’m going to stick in an outlier – call it Donald Trump, who has a billion dollars. We’re going to stick this guy in at the end of our dataset. So, we have a normally distributed dataset around $27,000, and then we’re going to stick in Donald Trump at the end. We’ll go ahead and plot that as a histogram: We have the entire normal distribution of everyone else in the country squeezed into one bucket of the histogram. On the other hand, we have Donald Trump out at the right side screwing up the whole thing at a billion dollars. The other problem too is that if I’m trying to answer the question how much money does the typical American make. If I take the mean to try and figure that out, it’s not going to be a very good, useful number: incomes.mean () The output of the preceding code is as follows: 126892.66469341301 Donald Trump has pushed that number up all by himself to $126,000 and some odd of change, when I know that the real mean of my normally distributed data that excludes Donald Trump is only $27,000. So, the right thing to do there would be to use the median instead of the mean. A better thing to do would be to actually measure the standard deviation of your dataset, and identify outliers as being some multiple of a standard deviation away from the mean. So, following is a little function that I wrote that does just that. It’s called reject_outliers(): def reject_outliers(data): u = np.median(data) s = np.std(data) filtered = [e for e in data if (u – 2 * s It takes in a list of data and finds the median. It also finds the standard deviation of that dataset. So, I filter that out, so I only preserve data points that are within two standard deviations of the median for my data. So, I can use this handy dandy reject_outliers() function on my income data, to actually strip out weird outliers automatically:Sure enough, it works! I get a much prettier graph now that excludes Donald Trump and focuses in on the more typical dataset here in the center. So, pretty cool stuff!So, that’s one example of identifying outliers, and automatically removing them, or dealing with them however you see fit. Remember, always do this in a principled manner. Don’t just throw out outliers because they’re inconvenient. Understand where they’re coming from, and how they actually affect the thing you’re trying to measure in spirit.By the way, our mean is also much more meaningful now; much closer to 27,000 that it should be, now that we’ve gotten rid of that outlier.In this article we came across the Bias-variance tradeoff and how to minimize the error. We also saw the concept of k-fold cross-validation and how to implement it in Python to prevent overfitting. If you’ve enjoyed this excerpt, head over to the book Hands-On Data Science and Python Machine Learning to prepare your data for analysis, training machine learning models, and visualizing the final data analysis, and much more.Read Next20 lessons on bias in machine learning systems by Kate Crawford at NIPS 2017 Here’s how you can handle the bias variance trade-off in your ML models iris = datasets.load_iris() # Split the iris data into train/test data sets with #40% reserved for testing X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = cross_validation.train_test_split(iris.data, iris.target, test_size=0.4, random_state=0) # Build an SVC model for predicting iris classifications #using training data clf = svm.SVC(kernel=’linear’, C=1).fit(X_train, y_train) # Now measure its performance with the test data clf.score(X_test, y_test) What we do is use the cross_validation library from scikit-learn, and we start by just doing a conventional train test split, just a single train/test split, and see how that will work. To do that we have a train_test_split() function that makes it pretty easy. So, the way this works is we feed into train_test_split() a set of feature data. iris.data just contains all the actual measurements of each flower. iris.target is basically the thing we’re trying to predict. In this case, it contains all the species for each flower. test_size says what percentage do we want to train versus test. So, 0.4 means we’re going to extract 40% of that data randomly for testing purposes, and use 60% for training purposes. What this gives us back is 4 datasets, basically, a training dataset and a test dataset for both the feature data and the target data. So, X_train ends up containing 60% of our Iris measurements, and X_test contains 40% of the measurements used for testing the results of our model. y_train and y_test contain the actual species for each one of those segments. Then after that we go ahead and build an SVC model for predicting Iris species given their measurements, and we build that only using the training data. We fit this SVC model, using a linear kernel, using only the training feature data, and the training species data, that is, target data. We call that model clf. Then, we call the score() function on clf to just measure its performance against our test dataset. So, we score this model against the test data we reserved for the Iris measurements, and the test Iris species, and see how well it does: It turns out it does really well! Over 96% of the time, our model is able to correctly predict the species of an Iris that it had never seen before, just based on the measurements of that Iris. So that’s pretty cool! But, this is a fairly small dataset, about 150 flowers if I remember right. So, we’re only using 60% of 150 flowers for training and only 40% of 150 flowers for testing. These are still fairly small numbers, so we could still be overfitting to our specific train/test split that we made. So, let’s use k-fold cross-validation to protect against that. It turns out that using k-fold cross-validation, even though it’s a more robust technique, is actually even easier to use than train/test. So, that’s pretty cool! So, let’s see how that works: # We give cross_val_score a model, the entire data set and its “real” values, and the number of folds: scores = cross_validation.cross_val_score(clf, iris.data, iris.target, cv=5) # Print the accuracy for each fold: print scores This article is an excerpt taken from the book Hands-On Data Science and Python Machine Learning authored by Frank Kane. In this article, we’re going to start by talking about the bias-variance trade-off, which is kind of a more principled way of talking about the different ways you might overfit and underfit data, and how it all interrelates with each other. We will later talk about the k-fold cross-validation technique, which is an important tool in your chest to combat overfitting and look at how to implement it using Python. Finally, we look at how to detect outliers and deal with them. Bias is just how far off you are from the correct values, that is, how good are your predictions overall in predicting the right overall value. If you take the mean of all your predictions, are they more or less on the right spot? Or are your errors all consistently skewed in one direction or another? If so, then your predictions are biased in a certain direction. Variance is just a measure of how spread out, or how scattered your predictions are. So, if your predictions are all over the place, then that’s high variance. But, if they’re very tightly focused on what the correct values are, or even an incorrect value in the case of high bias, then your variance is small. In reality, you often need to choose between bias and variance. It comes down to overfitting Vs underfitting your data. Let’s take a look at the following example: It’s a little bit of a different way of thinking of bias and variance. So, in the left graph, we have a straight line, and you can think of that as having very low variance, relative to these observations. So, there’s not a lot of variance in this line, that is, there is low variance. But the bias, the error from each individual point, is actually high. Now, contrast that to the overfitted data in the graph at the right, where we’ve kind of gone out of our way to fit the observations. The line has high variance, but low bias, because each individual point is pretty close to where it should be. So, this is an example of where we traded off variance for bias. At the end of the day, you’re not out to just reduce bias or just reduce variance, you want to reduce error. That’s what really matters, and it turns out you can express error as a function of bias and variance: Looking at this, error is equal to bias squared plus variance. So, these things both contribute to the overall error, with bias actually contributing more. But keep in mind, it’s error you really want to minimize, not the bias or the variance specifically, and that an overly complex model will probably end up having a high variance and low bias, whereas a too simple model will have low variance and high bias. However, they could both end up having similar error terms at the end of the day. You just have to find the right happy medium of these two things when you’re trying to fit your data. This is bias-variance trade-off. You know the decision you have to make between how overall accurate your values are, and how spread out they are or how tightly clustered they are. That’s the bias-variance trade-off and they both contribute to the overall error, which is the thing you really care about minimizing. So, keep those terms in mind! K-fold cross-validation to avoid overfitting Train and test as a good way of preventing overfitting and actually measuring how well your model can perform on data it’s never seen before. We can take that to the next level with a technique called k-fold cross-validation. So, let’s talk about this powerful tool in your arsenal for fighting overfitting; k-fold cross-validation and learn how that works. The idea, although it sounds complicated, is fairly simple: Instead of dividing our data into two buckets, one for training and one for testing, we divide it into K buckets. We reserve one of those buckets for testing purposes, for evaluating the results of our model. We train our model against the remaining buckets that we have, K-1, and then we take our test dataset and use that to evaluate how well our model did amongst all of those different training datasets. We average those resulting error metrics, that is, those r-squared values, together to get a final error metric from k-fold cross-validation. Example of k-fold cross-validation using scikit-learn Fortunately, scikit-learn makes this really easy to do, and it’s even easier than doing normal train/test! It’s extremely simple to do k-fold cross-validation, so you may as well just do it. Now, the way this all works in practice is you will have a model that you’re trying to tune, and you will have different variations of that model, different parameters you might want to tweak on it, right? Like, for example, the degree of polynomial for a polynomial fit. So, the idea is to try different values of your model, different variations, measure them all using k-fold cross-validation, and find the one that minimizes error against your test dataset. That’s kind of your sweet spot there. In practice, you want to use k-fold cross-validation to measure the accuracy of your model against a test dataset, and just keep refining that model, keep trying different values within it, keep trying different variations of that model or maybe even different models entirely, until you find the technique that reduces error the most, using k-fold cross validation. Please go ahead and open up the KFoldCrossValidation.ipynb and follow along if you will. We’re going to look at the Iris dataset again; remember we introduced this when we talk about dimensionality reduction? We’re going to use the SVC model. If you remember back again, that’s just a way of classifying data that’s pretty robust. There’s a section on that if you need to go and refresh your memory: import numpy as np from sklearn import cross_validation from sklearn import datasets from sklearn import svm
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